SSO Skills Forecast

Resources and Infrastructure Industry (RII)


The Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure (MDCI) sector encompasses a broad range of activities, from open cut coal mining to the construction of water and gas pipelines. The wider MDCI group can be split into the following five sub-sectors:


  • Civil Infrastructure – This sub-sector includes all civic and industrial infrastructure works (excluding the erection of buildings).

  • Coal Mining – This sub-sector includes both open cut and underground coal mining. The industry is concentrated in NSW and QLD, with the states containing 97 percent of black coal economic demonstrated resources (EDR).1 Brown coal resources are concentrated in Victoria, with around 93 percent of brown coal EDR located in the Latrobe Valley.

  • Drilling – This sub-sector includes both onshore and offshore drilling, as well as surface and underground drilling. Drilling is used in mineral exploration and production, geothermal energy production, water well drilling, civil infrastructure and agriculture. Drilling itself is a multidisciplinary industry and shares many core skills with the sub-sectors in the wider MDCI sector.

  • Extractive Industries (Quarrying) – The quarrying subsector focuses on the extraction of raw materials used in building and construction, such as sand, rock, gravel and limestone. Given the abundance of these raw materials in many parts of Australia, quarrying sites are generally located close to the major sites of building and construction. As such, the sub-sector is spread across Australia according to population and infrastructure investment.

  • Metalliferous Mining – This sub-sector includes both the surface and underground mining of iron ore, copper, tin, nickel, gold, silver and zinc. The skills learned in metalliferous mining are also relevant to the mining of gemstone, uranium and mineral sands.

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Industry Reports


This section contains a range of industry reports from a wide range of sources which provide a broad perspective on the RITC industries with a focus on skilling and industry development issues.

Workforce Priorities


Find out more information about the skilling priorities of the mining, oil and gas sectors in Western Australia.

SSO Skills Forecast

Chemical, Hydrocarbons and Refining Industry (PMA)

The chemical, hydrocarbons and refining industry is a global, diverse industry covering the production of chemicals, industrial gases and metals and petroleum refining. It is highly exposed to global factors as the majority of its products go offshore. It sources raw materials from the mineral/hydrocarbon exploration and mineral mining sector and its chemical, hydrocarbon and refined products are distributed to downstream processing plants and other industries including utilities and other manufacturing sectors.

Most Chemical, Hydrocarbons, and Refining employers are in the eastern states which cover nearly 85% of all workers in this industry. The vast majority of enterprises are micro and small businesses. The most common business industry class is Iron Smelting and Steel Manufacturing.

The industry, including the large enterprises that operate in some sectors, is undergoing significant structural adjustment and is affected by changes in related sectors including resources. Ongoing use of old technology is not competitive in the global marketplace.

Occupational licensing is not generally required although the industry has stringent health, safety, and environmental requirements and is subject to various standards and State and Federal legislation and regulations.

Looking for a Career in this Industry?


Here you will find links to a range of career resources which contain information on RITC industries and also apprenticeships and traineeships.

Industry Reference Committee (IRC)

Industry Reference Committees (IRCs) are the formal channel for considering industry skills requirements in the development and review of training packages.

Each IRC is made up of people with close links to industry. They are leaders in their own sectors from big business to small enterprise and peak bodies to unions, who understand the skills needs of their sector, industry or occupation.

IRCs ensure training packages meet the needs and concerns of employers, employees, training providers, and people seeking training qualifications.

IRCs gather information to help develop and review training packages, ensuring the national training system provides the qualifications, knowledge and skill sets that industry needs.

Each IRC is supported by a Skills Service Organisation (SSO) to help them in their work. 

Skills Service Organisations (SSO)

Skills Service Organisations (SSOs) are independent, professional service organisations that support IRCs in their work developing and reviewing training packages.

SSOs support industry engagement while remaining independent from both industry and the training sector.

SSOs prepare documents, such as the skills forecast and proposed schedule of work, and assist with training package development and review.

SSOs are a key access point for other industry stakeholders who want to play a part in the development of training packages. 

The Resource Industry Training Council (RITC) is a state government funded joint venture between Chamber of Minerals and Energy (CME) and the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association Ltd (APPEA), gathering industry intelligence, on current trends, skills gaps and training needs, which it provides to industry, the State Training Board (STB), Department of Training and Workforce Development (DTWD), the WA Government. RITC governance is facilitated through the RITC Advisory Board. 



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Perspective is designed to give a quick snapshot of RITC activities and contemporary issues in the world of skills development for the mining, oil and gas and downstream process manufacturing industries of Western Australia.

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